Satellite monitoring of clouds over deep fault zones, short-term earthquake forecast and seismic activity in Ukraine
The article substantiates the possibilities of satellite monitoring of deep fault zones during the formation of a source of strong and catastrophic earthquakes and the manifestations of precursors of strong and catastrophic earthquakes - foreshocks, which manifest themselves in the form of cloud anomalies over a period of time from two weeks to several days. In recent years, cloud cover anomalies have been recorded before relatively weak earthquakes that occurred in southern Ukraine. It is very important that earthquakes occur in the Dnieper-Donetsk Depression (DDZ). An analysis of the tectonic map of the remote sensing data with the position of the epicenters of earthquakes that occurred in 2010 and 2015 showed that these earthquakes are confined to zones of deep faults or their intersections. The article proposed an earthquake prediction technology, which includes two stages. At the first stage, based on the results of spatial-temporal analysis, maps of the parameters of earthquakes (dates, coordinates of epicenters, depths of hypocenters) are built, which occur over a certain period of time, which allows you to determine the area of increased seismic activity. At the second stage, research is being carried out in this area on satellite monitoring of cloud anomalies in order to short-term forecast strong earthquakes.
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