The result of the comparative use of OCO-2 information to find the relationship between changes in the atmospheric concentration of CO2 and air temperature in the Argentine Islands and Ukraine.

  • Igor Artemenko Scientific Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth of the Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4386-3098
Keywords: satellite data, climate change, air temperature, CO2 concentrations, polar zones, anthropogenic impact

Abstract

The results of comparative analysis of data of data of changes CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere over the polar regions adjacent to the "Akademik Vernadsky" station (the size of the study area 1.5° × 1.5°, or approximately 166 km by 75 km) were obtained satellite Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2) and air temperature according to ground meteorological observations at the "Akademik Vernadsky" station for 2014-2020. From obtained graph, we can see that the air temperature and CO2 concentration in the atmosphere over the study area tend to increase slowly. In addition, the analysis of the above results showed that in this way it is possible to determine the integrated trends in the impact of greenhouse gas content in the atmosphere on air temperature. A comparative analysis of data of data of changes CO2 concentrations according to OCO-2 between regions where there is a direct anthropogenic impact (Ukraine) and the region where anthropogenic impact is minimized (areas adjacent to the "Akademik Vernadsky" station) for 2014-2020. It was found that CO2 concentrations over areas with direct anthropogenic impact are growing much faster than over areas where there is no such impact at all. However, we see that CO2 concentrations tend to increase in both cases. Based on the obtained results, it was determined that conducting a comprehensive, simultaneous and consistent with satellite observations measurements of various series of variables, will provide an opportunity to optimize information of changes in climatic parameters (air temperature) in the polar regions.

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Section
Techniques for Earth observation data acquisition, processing and interpretation