Satellite monitoring problems in the aerospace complex

  • Sofiia Alpert Scientific Centre for Aerospace Research of the Earth of the Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Oles Honchar st, 55-B, 01054, Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7284-6502
Keywords: unmanned aerial vehicle, remote sensing, ecological monitoring, agricultural tasks

Abstract

Задачі підсуNowadays with the rapid development of information technologies, UAV-based Remote Sensing (drone remote sensing) gives a new opportunities for conducting scientific research in a much more detail way. UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) give the opportunity to acquire data at sufficiently low cost. They also provide remote data more rapidly than piloted aerial vehicles. Nowadays drones are often used, because application of piloted aerial vehicles can be dangerous, difficult and expensive for some territories. Application of low altitude UAVs give a possibility to achieve images with a very high resolution and sufficient precision. In this article structure and main details of drones were considered. It also was noted, that technologies of UAV-based Remote Sensing are used in different areas.
Agricultural drones help to analyze crops, make decisions on how to use the crop information and take the necessary actions to correct the problems. These unmanned aerial vehicles let to see fields from the sky. Agricultural drones are used to help increase crop production and monitor crop growth. Drones and sensors give a detail picture of fields. They can survey the fields periodically. Agricultural drones can reveal many issues such as soil variation, pest infestations and changes in the crops over time. They also show differences between healthy and unhealthy plants. Drones are flied over the crops and help to make decisions on how to proceed given the crop information. Nowadays there is a large capacity for growth in the area of agricultural unmanned aerial vehicles. With technology constantly improving, imaging of the crops will need to improve as well.
Drones are used for exploring for minerals and mapping deposit sites, they are used in the oil and gas industry for remote monitoring. Drones can provide information of nature disasters and give help to assess property damage. They help to conduct forest monitoring and to assess plant health. Unmanned aerial vehicles are also used in a military capacity and ecological monitoring. It also was noted, that there is a large capacity for development and improvement of unmanned aerial vehicles.путникового моніторингу в аерокосмічному комплексі

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Section
Earth observation data applications: Challenges and tasks