Remote monitoring of the state of hydrocarbon pollution of the geological environment and assessment of the risks of dangerous situations in areas of long-term oil and gas production and compact living of the population
The results of the analysis of geoecological problems of territories of long-term hydrocarbon production are presented. Based on the analysis of ground-based and remote studies, the possibilities of space data were determined during the eco-monitoring of hydrocarbon deposits. A methodological and technological scheme for assessing the risks of harming the environment is proposed. The list of tasks that can be solved using Earth remote sensing data:
- control of environmental pollution by hydrocarbons (oil, gas) at different stages of the functioning of the oil and gas complex - from the search and exploitation of deposits, to the transportation, storage and processing of petroleum products;
- flooding and flooding of territories of oil production by underground waters;
- identification, mapping, field studies, discontinuous violations of various ranks, are ways of migration of oil and gas in the upper layers of the earth's crust;
- identification and mapping of technogenic sources of gas contamination of the surface layer of the atmosphere, namely:
- non-geometrical wells, oil and gas pipelines;
- buried under modern sediments, pit-well houses, mines.
Satellite monitoring consists of 4 stages. At the first, preliminary stage, objects of remote monitoring are determined, a base of satellite and thematic data is formed, the foundations of a future thematic GIS are laid. At the second stage, the actual detection (decryption) of objects and territories polluted with hydrocarbons is carried out. At the next, third stage, a set of field work is carried out in order to validate the research methodology and verify the data obtained using ground-based measurements.
At the fourth, final stage, based on an analysis of all the information received, an assessment of the risks of dangerous situations is carried out and their possible consequences are predicted.
The possibilities of assessing the risks of dangerous situations in areas of long-term hydrocarbon production according to remote sensing data are considered. A review of hazardous situations resulting from hydrocarbon production in the city of Borislav is given .; recommendations are proposed to reduce the risk of their occurrence.
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