Space-borne radar observation of near-surface wind effect on anomalously highly-directional backscattering of radio waves from Aeolian processes of sand and dust transporting in desert regions
Aeolian process of sand and dust transporting is known to form the near-ground surface structures over vast territories and fill the atmosphere up with suspended aerosols-like dust particles which are spread then by winds over long distances. The presence of atmospheric dust in the planet's environment is one of the factors affecting the temperature and climatic conditions of vast regions of the Earth. A number of publications (Ivanov et al., 2015; Ivanov et al., 2016; Ivanov et al., 2016; Ivanov et al., 2018) analyze the revealed effect of anomalously highly(narrow) directed backscattering of radio waves which manifests itself in radar remote sensing (in range of local irradiation angles θ ≈ 31°÷32°) in areas covered with deep sand. At the same time, there is no specific data available from published studies investigating the impact of the near-surface wind on anomalously highly-directional backscattering of radio waves based on the results of radar remote sensing researches of Aeolian sand and dust transport processes in desert regions that, in turn, could have been used later to determine the parameters of such transport process. This article presents the results of analysis of the data obtained from long-term studies of desert regions of El-Djuf, Akshar and Trarza in Mauritania by means of space-borne SAR Envisat-1. The purpose of the analysis was actually to identify the specifics of the effect that the near-surface wind has on the anomalously highly-directional backscattering of radio waves which is identified by radar based researches of Aeolian processes of sand and dust transport in desert regions, so can be used for remote determination of such transportation parameters.
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